This is a type of heart surgery. It’s sometimes called CABG (“cabbage”). The surgery reroutes, or “bypasses,” blood around clogged arteries to improve blood flow and oxygen to the heart.
The arteries that bring blood to the heart muscle (coronary arteries) can become clogged by plaque (a buildup of fat, cholesterol plus other substances). This can then slow or stop blood flow through the heart’s blood vessels, leading to chest pain or a heart attack. Increasing blood flow to the heart muscle can relieve chest pain and also reduce the risk of heart attack.
Surgeons take a segment of a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body, and then make a detour around the blocked part of the coronary artery. An artery may be detached from the chest wall and the open end attached to the coronary artery below the blocked area. Or a piece of a long vein in your leg may be taken. One end is sewn onto the large artery leaving your heart – the aorta. The other end of the vein is attached or “grafted” to the coronary artery below the blocked area.
Either way, blood can then utilize use this new path to flow freely to the heart muscle. A patient may undergo one, two, three or more bypass grafts, depending on how many coronary arteries are blocked.
Cardiopulmonary bypass with a pump oxygenator (heart-lung machine) is used for most coronary bypass graft operations. This means that besides the surgeon, a team made up of a cardiac anesthesiologist and surgical nurse, a competent perfusionist (blood flow specialist) are required.
What happens after bypass surgery? After surgery, the patient is moved to a hospital bed in the cardiac surgical intensive care unit. Heart rate and blood pressure monitoring devices continuously monitor the patient for 12 to 24 hours.
In modern society’s quest for perfection, cosmetic surgery emerges the victor. The rewards of cosmetic surgery are beauty, youth, and vigor – a modern Fountain of Youth that can be hard to ignore. Yet cosmetic surgery does present significant risks and obstacles that cannot be ignored. Only by weighing the benefits and risks of cosmetic surgery can you determine if the procedure is the right decision for you.
The Pros Since cosmeticsurgery reshapes the natural contours of the body, it can improve those areas that the individual finds unattractive or undesirable. Cosmetic surgery can reduce signs of aging, thereby enhancing the individual’s natural beauty and lending to a more vibrant, youthful appearance. It can also repair damage caused by trauma, illness, infection, developmental abnormalities, or heredity.
Since the desirable result of cosmetic surgery is a more attractive appearance, successful surgeries can have a strong positive effect on an individual’s psychological health. Enhanced beauty can elevate self-esteem, increase a patient’s sense of self-confidence, and combat depression. Many individuals will find that they feel more comfortable in the company of others after cosmetic surgery. Still others feel their improved appearance helps them conform to the standard of beauty and vitality expected of them, thereby elevating their status in society.
The Cons First off, cosmetic surgery is an expensive endeavor that can present a financial hardship for many patients. Many single procedures come with price tags well into the thousands of dollars, and those individuals desiring multiple surgical procedures will easily find themselves with medical bills that far exceed the average worker’s yearly income.
Also consider that cosmetic surgery is an invasive procedure that seeks to reshape the natural contours of the body. Surgeons must cut, bend, stretch, chisel, poke, and otherwise forcibly manipulate structures of the body into the desired shape in order for the procedure to be a success. This causes undue stress on the body resulting in pain and discomfort, bruising, swelling, and stiffness. The recovery period from cosmetic surgery can be lengthy for some procedures, lasting up to several months. Many procedures, though relatively safe, have the potential for serious complications that may even be permanent in nature. Side-effects such as nerve damage, scarring, infection, and chronic pain may result if a surgery does not go smoothly.
Patients must frequently take time away from normal activities for the surgery and subsequent recovery period. This means that patients may have to take time off from work or school and avoid favorite activities such as sports and playing with their kids during the initial recovery period. Many patients also find that they need assistance for a few days after the surgery to help them get around and take care of daily activities.
Finally, it is important to remember that the desired results cannot be guaranteed. The potential exists that the surgery will not produce the “ideal” look the patient was seeking in spite of the surgeon’s best efforts. Cosmetic surgery is not an exact science, so potential patients need to keep in mind that there is no way to know what the final outcome will look like until the procedure has been performed and the recovery period has passed.
One of the more popular plastic surgery procedures involves breast enlargements. Let us take a closer look at the type of procedures available.
Enlargements are often thought to be the most popular form of plastic surgery. In truth, it is the third most popular procedure and covers more option than most people consider at first blush.
The procedure is technically known as augmentation mammaplasty. It involves the placement of an implant into both breasts for the purpose of enlarging and shaping the breasts. The earliest form of this procedure was undertaken in the 1860s in Germany with fatty tissue from the body used to perform the enhancement. As time passed, silicone implants became the implant of choice, leading to one of the most contentious debates in medical science. Ultimately, the silicone implants were banned in 1992 by the Federal Drug Administration. Improved design and further medical research has led to the reintroduction of some silicone implants and the FDA is considering approving further models.
There are several techniques used in enhancements and you should discuss the best option with your plastic physician. Nonetheless, the options are sub-glandular where the implant is placed in the body of the breast, sub-muscular for small chested individuals where the implant is placed below the musculature, and sub-fascial where the implant is placed between the muscle and outer fascial. The specific procedure is dependent upon the pre-existing conditions each person has.
A second issue that you need to keep in mind is the type of incursion technique. Specifically, where will the surgeon create an incursion in the body to put the implants? The axillary approach involves creating an incision in the arm pit and bringing the implant in from the side. Peri-Areolar involves an incision around the lower half of the nipple, in a semi-circle format. The Infra-mammary approach involves an actual incision into the lower flesh area. The incursion technique should be discussed carefully with your surgeon, particularly as it pertains to scarring issues. Incisions result in scars, and even tiny ones have to be taken into account.
The decision to have enlargement surgery necessarily involves a lot of choices. Make sure to fully discuss the options, risks and benefits with your physician to determine if the surgery is appropriate for you and the best option to get a result you are happy with in the future.
We’ve all at one time or another wanted that celebrity smile. You know, the one that glows with radiance like the celebrities have as they pace down the red carpet. However, many of us simply can’t afford that million dollar smile. Fortunately, there are some things we can do to financially equip ourselves for that new smile.
The first step you should take in your quest to pay for your veneers is contact your insurance company. Although many insurance companies typically don’t cover cosmetic procedures, some may be able to pay a percentage of it. This is nice considering that veneers can go for as much as $1,000 a tooth.
If you’ve been in some sort of accident that’s somehow disfigured your teeth, it might be worth mentioning it to your insurance company. If you convince them enough, they might empty their pockets and fully cover your dental veneers.
If the insurance route doesn’t go as planned, it might be in your best interest to carefully shop around for another cosmetic dentist. The rates charged for a veneer procedure can significantly vary from dentist to dentist. If you find a price tag you like, make sure you research the dentist plenty before seating yourself in the dental chair.
Finally, it may be worth asking a friend or family member to lend you some money for your dental veneers. Sit down and work out a plan before lending any amount of money. Get a contract together and have both you and the other party sign it. That way, any future problems can be resolved expediently.
When going on a medical tour, you have to get the most out of the opportunity by choosing a country that specializes in your specific health need, as well as offers the best attractions to make your trip worthwhile
Going to South Korea
South Korea or the Land of the Morning Calm is another favorite among medical tourists. The country is located in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. To the east is China and to the north is North Korea. Seoul is a major global city and is one of the most developed cities in the whole world. You will find several top quality private hospitals and medical clinics in South Korea. One hospital in Seoul is accredited by JCI.
Some of these institutions have excellent facilities, English-speaking staff and VIP rooms. Other medical experts are also fluent in other languages like Chinese, French and Japanese. The Medical Act was revised by the South Korean government so that medical records and order communications will become electronic. The hospital information system in the country is among the most advanced globally.
Going to Israel
Israel is a Jewish State situated in Western Asia. Several countries border it, such as Egypt, Syria, Jordan and the Mediterranean Sea. Although Israel is considerably small in terms of size, you will find that the medical institutions are globally competitive. You can also enjoy your trip more because of its rich culture and many famous biblical and archaeological sites. Some of the reasons why tourists flock to the area each year include the high standards of facilities and medicine and modern tools and equipment. Several international medical summits and conferences are held in Israel every year. Israel is also very active in joint ventures with other western hospitals.
Some of the most popular procedures done to patients in Israel include IVF or in-vitro fertilization, bone marrow transplant, neurological procedures, cancer treatment, heart surgery, weight losssurgery, eye surgery, addiction problems and catheterization. Three hospitals at present is accredited by the JCI.
Mexico is a favorite destination of American patients because of its close proximity to the United States. You will also enjoy the different attractions and sites in the country. A number of hospitals are already accredited by the JCI. You minimize your risk of developing complications before and after the medical procedure, since you do not have to travel half across the globe to get to Mexico.
Some of the popular procedures done in the region include cosmetic surgery, orthopaedics, dental work and weight losssurgery. Spanish is widely spoken, but English is understood by majority of the locals, especially those located in border towns. The climate in Mexico is also very ideal for vacationing tourists. You can expect ambient temperatures most of the year.