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About Cerebral Palsy

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Definition of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a general term describing a group of chronic non-pregressive neurological symptoms which cause impaired control of movement and which are evident in the first few years of life, usually before age 3. The disorders are induced by damage or faulty development of the motor areas in the brain, disrupting the patient’s ability to control movement and posture. Symptoms of cerebral palsy include difficulty with fine motor tasks such as writing, poor balance and walking, and involuntary movements. The exact combination of symptoms differs from patient to patient and may vary over time. Some patients also have seizures and intellectual disability, however, this is not always the case. Babies with cerebral palsy are frequently slower than average in achieving developmental milestones like learning to roll over, sit, crawl, smile, or walk. Cerebral palsy is usually thought of as congenital or perinatal, however, it can also be acquired after birth. Many of the causes of cerebral palsy that have been identified through research are preventable or even treatable: head injury, Rh incompatibility, jaundice and rubella (German measles).

Diagnosis of Cerebral Palsy

Doctors diagnose cerebral palsy by tests of motor skills and reflexes and by medical history.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computerized Tomography (CT) scans are typically ordered when the physician suspects cerebral palsy; howerer, they are not definitive. These tests can provide evidence of physical abnormalities such as hydrocephalus (an accumulation of fluid in the cerebral ventricles of the brain), and they can be utilized to exclude other brain disorders. These scans do not prove that the patient has cerebral palsy; nor do they predict how well a specific patient will function in the future. Patients with normal scans may have severe symptoms, and while others whose scans are clearly abnormal have only modest physical signs. However, as a group, patients with cerebral palsy are statistically more likely to have brain scars, cysts, and other changes visible on scans. When physical examination suggests cerebral palsy, an abnormal scan helps confirms the clinical diagnosis.

Even though specific symptoms can change as time passes, cerebral palsy by definition isn’t progressive, so if a patient shows increasing impairment, the problem is usually another neurological disorder.

Varieties of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is classified by the type of movement problem (such as spastic or even athetoid cerebral palsy) or by he body parts affected (hemiplegia, diplegia, and quadriplegia). Spasticity refers to the inability of a muscle to relax, while athetosis refers to an inability to control its movement. Babies who are initially hypotonic (“floppy”) may later develop spasticity. Hemiplegia is cerebral palsy that involves 1 arm and 1 leg on one side of the body, whereas diplegia is the involvement of both legs. Quadriplegia refers to symptoms involving all 4 extremities as well as trunk and neck muscles. Balance and coordination problems are referred to as ataxia.

For instance, a patient with spastic diplegia has mostly spastic muscle problems of the legs, while perhaps also displaying a smaller component of athetosis and balance problems. The patient with athetoid quadriplegia, on the more hand, would have lack of control of the muscles of both arms and legs, however such a patient will usually have smaller problems with ataxia and spasticity as well. Normally a child with quadriplegic cerebral palsy will be unable to walk independently. The degree of impairment can vary from patient to patient and range from mild to severe.

Cerebral Palsy Therapy

There is no standard therapy that benefits all patients. Drugs are useful to control seizures and muscle cramps and braces can compensate for muscle imbalance. Surgery, mechanical aids to help overcome impairments, counseling for emotional and psychological needs, and physical, occupational, speech, and behavioral therapy are all effective.

Prognosis for Cerebral Palsy

Though cerebral palsy is incurable to date, many patients can enjoy near-normal lives if their neurological symptoms are properly managed.

Medical Research

There is evidence which suggests that cerebral palsy results from incorrect cell development early in prenatal life. As an example, a group of researchers has recently observed that approximately one-third of cerebral palsy patients also have missing enamel on certain teeth. Bleeding inside the brain, breathing and circulation problems and seizures can all cause cerebral palsy and each has separate causes and treatment. Researchers are currently conducting trials to determine whether certain drugs can help halt neonatal stroke, and more investigators are examining the causes of low birth-weight. More studies are being done to determine how brain trauma (like brain damage from a shortage of oxygen or blood flow, bleeding in the brain, and seizures) can cause the release of brain chemicals which lead to premanent brain damage.

Organizations Funding Cerebral Palsy Research & Therapy

Easter Seals, Epilepsy Foundation, March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, United Cerebral Palsy, National Disability Sports Alliance, Childrens Neurobiological Solutions Foundation, Childrens Hemiplegia and Stroke Foundation.

Asthma

Need Help Understanding Asthma? Read These Tips

Your lungs are one of the most vital organs in your body, and if they’re impacted by an asthma condition, it can significantly affect your way of life.

This does mean avoiding all tobacco products as well as being mindful of sources of employment, smoke or vapors.

It is imperative that you try to stay clear of cleaning products if you are asthmatic. The chemicals in these products will trigger asthma attacks or symptoms. If you are responsible for cleaning your residence, think about purchasing natural products, you are sure to be able to find one of the many natural cleaners that will be safe for your use.

TIP! Are you informed about what type of asthma you suffer from? Being fully informed about the specific type of asthma you have is very important. If people who have asthma suffer attacks triggered by exercise, they should bring an inhaler with them when they work out.

If you’re suffering from an asthma attack that’s moderate or mild, a great way to handle this is to immediately evacuate the air from your lungs. Breathe out quick and hard. You have to force the air from your lungs. Inhale a series of three quick breaths, and then take one deep breath so that you can allow your lungs to fill with air, before exhaling with force again. This will force you to pay close attention to all of your breaths. It will also expels air to come out of the lungs so more can come in.This breathing technique may cause some coughing or sputum, but your breathing will be back to normal again.

A leukotriene inhibitor can be helpful if you to deal with asthma. Leukotriene inhibitors are used to prevent leukotrienes. Leukotrienes are molecules that cause the tracheal muscles to contract; having too many leukotrienes makes asthma attacks.

TIP! If you have asthma and do not have health insurance, you should consider seeing a social worker. You must have the ability to afford your medication, so a social worker might be able to locate a hospital or clinic that can offer them at little cost or free.

Learn how to use your inhaler.The inhaler will only helps if the medication within it actually gets to your lungs. Inhale air while spraying the necessary amount into your mouth. You should keep your breath 10 seconds so the medicated mist is able to fill up your lungs.

It is important that you are able to afford your asthma medications, and a social worker could help you locate a hospital or clinic that will provide you the necessary medication on a low or no-fee basis.

Make certain that you and your family get their annual flu shots. This means taking every precaution possible, such as practicing good hygiene and getting all recommended vaccinations.

These vitamins are thought to help improve the function and control asthma symptoms. You are able to get these vitamins either from food or take a supplement. These vitamins can also boost the immune system to prevent asthma attacks.

TIP! If you use more than four cleaning products, you are increasing the risks of an asthma attack. Consider purchasing and using organic cleaning products since they are void of irritating chemicals.

People suffering from asthma should avoid using scented household products. Products with fragrance, such as perfumes, colognes, or air fresheners, introduce irritants into the air around you and can cause asthma attacks. Fresh paint and new carpeting also give off odors that can irritate sensitive airways. Try to see that the air as fresh and allergen free as possible.

You may have to take more asthma medicine if you suffer from hay fever or a cold. Many illnesses have side effects that could cause your asthma symptoms bad enough to require more treatments than you need to have an increase in treatment. Your physician may choose to also add an additional medication until you recover.

Even if your asthma seems like it is under control, attend all of your doctor’s appointments.

Mold and mildew thrive in a humid home. These substances can trigger asthma attacks. You should therefore try to keep your best to maintain a dry home. During winter, use a device to dehumidify in the winter, and an air conditioner during the summer will help keep your home dry.

TIP! You may want to join an online or offline support group. Asthma can be an extremely debilitating health issue and can stop you from participating in life the way you want to.

Keep track of the number of times per week you use your inhaler each week. If you use it three or more times each week, you may not have it under control. How often you use your rescue inhaler is used can help to monitor the environment.

Bed Linens

Bed linens can collect dust, dust, pollen and other things that can aggravate asthma. You can avoid this by washing your bed linens in very hot water each week.

If this procedure does not stop your attack, seek assistance. Get somebody to phone for EMS or get you to a hospital.Breathing into a paper bag on the way will help slow down your breathing rate.

TIP! When you are cleaning your home, it is always better to use a wet mop rather than sweeping your floors. When you sweep, you are stirring up asthma triggers that can cause you to have an asthma attack.

Your doctor will evaluate your current situation and make any changes as they see fit. You are the one who needs to make sure that these appointments so you can stay healthy.

Having supportive people in the same situation as you are is an amazing help to your treatment and state of mind.

TIP! Avoid smoke to prevent asthma and asthma attacks. Inhaling smoke makes it harder for you to breathe and might result in an asthma attack.

Keep your home as clean and clean. Also, you need to wash pillows, blankets and sheets often. When you keep everything clean, you are preventing dust and mites from building up, which can both trigger your asthma attacks.

Doctors agree that suffering from more than two asthma attacks every week is not only dangerous, not to mention avoidable.

TIP! Someone suffering from asthma should avoid animals. While asthma can be triggered from an animal hair allergy, those free of these allergies can have an attack by the pollen and dust that the animals carry.

If your child is younger than five and has asthma, watch for signs of an attack that require a trip to the emergency room. Some symptoms are gasping to breathe, difficulty speaking due to lacking air, extreme concavity of the abdomen while inhaling and gasping for breath. Any of these signs means that your child requires immediate medical attention.

If you are an asthma sufferer, and you have to use the quick-relief inhaler more than one or two times every seven days, or if you experience asthma attacks at night more than two times a week, it may be time to try a different asthma medication. Consult with your asthma specialist.

Being prepared for any situation is the key to dealing with asthma conditions.

Asthma Attack

TIP! Those with asthma should remain inside as much as they can when the pollen count rises. The same pollens and other irritants that cause trouble for allergy sufferers are also concerns for asthma sufferers, even though the two are quite distinct conditions.

Avoid activities that triggers an asthma attack. If you do decide to participate in physical exercise, you will surely regret it when you are hospitalized due to an asthma attack.

Paying attention to useful advice, whether it comes from a doctor or simply a helpful article like this one, can make your long-term relationship with your asthma problems a much more civil one. There are new developments in treatment and medications every year that make asthma easier to manage.

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Reading Silently Can Help Speed Reading


Watch a group of young children who are just beginning to read and you’ll notice one thing about almost all of them.
Even if they have been instructed to silently read, most of the children will be mouthing the words they are reading. Their lips will move to pronounce the words, even though they are not speaking them aloud. The reason they do this is because as children begin to learn to read, they vocalize the sounds of the individual letters and then later on, the sounds of the words.

Although this process is helpful to the children as they are introduced to the concept of reading, it’s also significantly reducing the speed at which they read.

If you’ve ever watched a television show that featured speed readers or if you’ve ever known someone who could speed read, you might have noticed that their lips don’t move. That’s not coincidence, it’s actually very significant.

When a person reads out loud or they mouth the words as they read, it takes them longer to read than someone who simply looks at the word and absorbs it. This is one of the important steps in speed reading – learning to not vocalize the words either out loud or silently.

It’s difficult though for a person who has always read in this manner to change. Even if they understand that the benefit of not reading aloud is that they will dramatically change their reading speed. It’s a habit and it’s one that becomes natural over time. It can be changed though.

One thing that a person can do to change this habit and to begin on the road to speed reading is to learn not to move their mouths as they read. If you are a parent with a youngster just learning to read and you hear them reading out loud, you might suggest that they try and read to themselves. If they do and you see their lips silently moving to the words, encourage them to try and refrain from that. You can do that by giving them something to chew on, perhaps a stick of gum or a chewy candy. This will preoccupy their mouth enough that eventually the inclination to silently say the words will disappear.

Although adults are more conscious of this behavior, many still do it. They can try those same techniques, the chewing gum or a candy idea. Another idea that works well for adult is if they are alone, they can place their hand over their mouth while they read. This stops the behavior automatically. The benefit of this method is that the person becomes fully aware of when their mouth is moving along with the written words. They can stop it as it is happening. This will ultimately result in them stopping the practice.

With a little work the desire to mouth words as you read them can be stopped. When it is stopped, the rate at which you read will already be climbing. Speed reading is a skill that virtually everyone can learn; it’s just a matter of dropping old behaviors, such as silently mouthing words, and instead adapting new behaviors.

Yeast Disease Tips And Traps That Will Assist You

Fantastically Effective Methods For Battling Yeast Infections

Many women experience of contracting a yeast infection at least once during their lives. It is important to understand how to treat such an occurrence when it develops. This article will show you how to get rid of yeast infection in an effective manner.

Remove wet clothing right away.Wearing damp clothing is a way to encourage the growth of yeast. Dry off completely before you change your clothes.

Yeast Infections

TIP! Yeast infections are painful; consider taking aspirin or ibuprofen for some symptom relief. These pain relievers will reduce the daily discomfort that you are experiencing.

Cotton underwear are going to be your best friend. Synthetic materials may feel silky and smooth, but they can lead to yeast infections. Cotton allows your skin to breathe and absorbs moisture. This can totally prevent a yeast infections from occurring in the first place.

Over-the-counter pain relievers can eliminate some of the discomfort you are feeling. These infections may make you feel very uncomfortable through your day, as you will want to reduce the symptoms as much as possible to be as productive as you can at work or school.

TIP! Try to avoid the decorative underwear if you tend to get yeast infections. Plain cotton panties help keep you dry.

Avoid anything scented products near or in the vaginal region. Scented sprays and soaps can be irritating and augment your probabilities of having a yeast infections. It is very important not to use scented tampons or pads as they come in direct contact and can be especially irritating.Avoid the dyes present in many colored toilet papers.

Avoid synthetic fibers to prevent yeast infections. Cotton wicks away moisture and heat, while other materials hold all of the moisture in. This leads to yeast overgrowth and makes way for another infection.

Healthy Bacteria

If you start feeling some of the symptoms of a yeast infection, such as burning or itching, eat some yogurt. The acidophilus it contains returns the yogurt are healthy bacteria which are excellent for battling an oncoming infection. This gives your body the healthy bacteria can help fight off a yeast infection and will make it go away quicker.

TIP! Cotton underwear is great for preventing yeast infections. Yeast likes it moist, and synthetic undergarments will keep it moist.

Practice proper hygiene to ward off yeast infections.Wash your genitals thoroughly and clean everything.Dry the area completely, and consider using a hair-dryer for extra measure.Yeast will thrive in a moist environment so try to stay dry.

Cotton underwear can be very helpful in your best defense against developing yeast infections. Synthetic fabric tends to trap moisture and yeast thrives in moist areas. Be sure it’s 100% cotton material and change your undies after exercise or anytime you sweat. This keeps you to remain dry and infection-free.

TIP! A common cause of yeast infections, which may seem counter-intuitive, is douching. Many women may feel that this is preventative care to avoid developing a yeast infection, but it often proves quite opposite.

Probiotics are your best weapon against a great product to consume if you desire to calm yeast infections. Acidophilus is a type of healthy bacteria in yogurt and helps keep your body’s environment balanced and can help fight off a yeast infections away. You can find probiotics as both powder and pill at your local drug store.

Skinny jeans may look cute, but they don’t allow your crotch to breathe properly.

Sexual Activity

Be mindful of getting scratched or scraped in the vaginal area. Any small perforations in the vagina can put you more likely to get a yeast infection. Sexual activity and tampon use can create small scratches.Be careful in both activities. Avoid rough sexual activity if you often have yeast infections.

TIP! Use a gentle soap that is specially made for your vagina. Several different types exist.

Wash the vaginal area using a soap made for genitals. You can find many different brands on the Internet or at a local health store. These special soaps have been specifically designed not to strip the oils from your vagina which could leave it dry and sensitive. Using them instead of regular soaps will help prevent a yeast infections.

Wearing clean cotton underpants can keep yeast infections away. Cotton naturally absorbs moisture and will prevent your private areas like synthetic fabrics do. Use feminine hygiene pads to absorb extra humidity.

Yeast Infection

There isn’t anyone that enjoys talking about a yeast infection, but if you’re one of the people that gets one, you need proper information to fight it. Use the ideas provided here to minimize – or prevent – the discomfort associated with a yeast infection.

Asthma

Controlling Asthma: Top Tips To Manage Your Condition Effectively


A lot of people that live with asthma are living with some pain that they don’t know they can alleviate.
The truth is there are ways to help relieve you from some of the pain and stress that comes with asthma, this article goes over some key tips you can learn to help you out.

Even if your asthma symptoms have not been acting up, it is important that you still see your doctor every 6 months. Sometimes, your doctor may want to run tests to check your breathing development. If things have gotten better, he may reduce your treatments or keep them the same.

Be aware of the air quality conditions and stay indoors if needed. Air quality reports are very helpful if you have asthma, and staying inside on certain days can help prevent an attack. Be especially cautious on humid days, when the pollen count is high, and during the changing of the seasons.

Household plants may cause you problems with your asthma. There are many people who do not know this and may give you a house plant as a gift. Do not feel badly about getting rid of the plant if you find that you are suffering from more attacks while it is in your home.

Asthma is caused by certain triggers, therefore the easiest way to avoid painful attacks is to avoid them. These triggers can be anything from pollen to pet hair so it is important to seek professional help to determine the underlying cause. If this is not an option for you keep an asthma diary, listing your activities before an attack to help to identify the real cause.

Beware of certain medications like aspirin and penicillin if you suffer from asthma. These medications can actually worsen your asthma symptoms or trigger an attacks. Try to use substitutions such as paracetamol when you have a headache, or you are in pain, and be sure to ask your doctor what medications are safer to take.

Asthma can be triggered by tobacco smoke, so if you suffer from asthma, it’s important not to smoke or let other people smoke around you. You may also be susceptible to attacks brought on by other strong odors like wood smoke, weather changes, or pollution. Avoid these things where possible.

Join a local support group of other asthma sufferers to gain additional information or tips on living with asthma. Others may have experienced specific triggers similar to yours and may offer beneficial suggestions for either avoiding them or lessening their effects. If you move to a new community, a support group can be an invaluable source of information on trigger substances common in the area.

Upon reading this article you should start feeling more optimistic and positive about how you’re going to live with asthma. Remember that this article only serves as but a portion of the material you can learn about how to help you through your asthma, seek out more information and apply it and you should feel a serious difference.