Eczema

How To Deal With Problem Skin With Eczema

Eczema is a malady feared by many people suffer from. This article is for anyone who thinks they may have eczema. Here are many great tips that can help you manage your eczema.

Avoid stress whenever possible. Stress can cause eczema outbreaks. If you have a lot of stress going on in your life you should try to exercise, use exercise, exercise or other relaxing techniques. You may be able to make your eczema flare up.

To help soothe dry, itchy skin that comes from eczema, opt for moisturizers in ointment or cream forms. These are better than lotions. Even petroleum jelly can help moisten and soften your skin. Whatever you’re going to use, just be sure you get it alcohol free and fragrance free. You should apply moisturizer twice a day for best results.

TIP! You may not have put eczema and clothing into the same thoughts when you think about your skin. However, your choice of clothing can impact your eczema in rather substantial ways.

This ingredient can cause issues for people with eczema. You should always check the ingredient list even though the sunscreen says it is PABA-free. You can also go the route of talking to your doctor about some prescription sunscreen if you have problems finding one.

Keep skin properly moisturized if you have eczema. This is the most effective way to combat eczema and avoid many flare-ups.

When you pick a sunscreen, try finding one that is PABA-free. This ingredient can irritate the skin of people with eczema. Make sure you carefully read your ingredient list, even with PABA-free sunscreen. If you aren’t sure about what to use, you can speak with a doctor to get a prescription sunscreen.

TIP! Moisturize on a regular basis! Moisturizers are of great help when it comes to controlling eczema. Apply your moisturizer when you exit the shower or bath.

Reduce sweating as much as you can to keep your eczema flare ups. Sweating a lot or getting overheated may make eczema symptoms of eczema. Shower as quickly as you can once you’re done with a workout.

A warm bath can be very soothing for dealing with the itchiness of eczema. Make sure that the water isn’t too hot. You might also add a little bleach since this can eliminate bacteria.

Moisturize your skin if you have eczema. This is one of the best ways to keep your flare-ups under control. Moisturizing often, particularly after washing, can keep the skin soft and smooth. Use plain, unscented moisturizers rather than products that have chemicals and other additives.

TIP! An eczema sufferer should set the temperature in the house at a level they always feel comfortable. Extremely hot or cold temperatures can cause skin irritation that makes your symptoms flare.

Learn what triggers for your eczema.It may be the detergent, soap or detergent that causes a flare-up, or it may be some of the fabrics you wear. Stress and excessive perspiration can also cause flareups. Once you learn what your triggers are, do what you can to avoid them.

Atopic dermatitis is the form of eczema. Harvard Medical School research showed texts have helped patients that are 14 or older with their eczema. It helps sticking to a treatment plan and showed less eczema existed after six weeks. Most of the patients wanted the text messages.

If you have a choice of moisturizers, then choose the ointments. They are better than the other options out there to help you keep things soothed because they let you keep in moisture while leaving a protective layer behind. Lotions do not have the same impact. That’s why ointments work better for eczema rashes.

TIP! It is important to determine your personal eczema triggers. Is it your soap, laundry detergent, dish soap, perfume, moisturizer or clothing? If you are overly stressed, or if you tend to sweat a lot, it can act as a trigger.

A humidifier may help prevent eczema. These humidifiers work by putting steam out into the air. The steam has water droplets that moisten the environment. This will keep your skin feeling its best regardless of the weather or season is. Make sure that you always clean your skin often to sustain its health.

The causes of eczema are unknown and there is no cure, but there are some effective treatments available. Dishpan hands is eczema on the hands that causes skin dry and cracked. You need to wear some rubber gloves if you wash dishes. When the dishes are done, gently dry your hands before applying moisturizer.

What are you wearing? The clothing that is in constant contact with your skin can be a trigger for eczema. Try to stick to cotton and cotton blends. If you use other fabrics, then it could possibly lead to more eczema outbreaks. Also, it’s a good idea to keep in mind what you’re doing when you need your clothes washed. Don’t use harsh laundry detergents or fabric softeners.

TIP! Understand what is causing your eczema flare-ups. For some, dust mites could be that trigger.

You need to think about situations in which you should wear gloves often.It is vital that your hands be protected. This is especially important when you are doing the dishes.Use cotton gloves when you do chores around the winter cold.Wool will irritate the skin so avoid these if you can. Wool can cause irritation.

Consider installing a humidifier inside your home to help control your eczema. Dry air especially during the winter can cause dry skin. A humidifier will put moisture back into the air so your skin to get too dry and it makes it to where eczema is not as dry.

If your hands have eczema, wear gloves. You have to keep your hands protected. This is especially important when you do dishes. Wear leather or cotton gloves in the cold and cotton gloves when you are doing housework. Try to avoid fabrics like wool. Your skin will become quickly irritated when exposed to wool.

TIP! A humidifier is one of the best things to get for eczema. The temperature in winter is notorious for drying out the skin.

If you sometimes get eczema, then this can be in relation to allergies. Avoid things like harsh household detergents and perfumed products.Pay attention to when outbreaks occur and look for any types of products.

While it may sound silly, it’s even more important to those who have eczema. It is only natural that you have this condition. However, long, scratching the skin can result in an infection.Avoid that by trimming your nails and cleaning them.

If you occasionally have eczema, an outbreak could be linked to some other things which cause allergies. Try not to use household chemicals that are known to irritate the skin. Pay attention to whether or not you have had a reaction to any types of products.

TIP! When you’re dusting you should use a cloth that’s clean and has been made moist with a dusting cleanser or water. It can help dust stick to your cloth.

Avoid having lots of carpeting or rugs in your house. It is best to use tiles or wood flooring.

Often the strong scented chemicals can cause irritation to the skin. A hypoallergenic soap is your best for sensitive skin.

Avoid having lots of carpet or rugs where you live. Rugs and carpets can trigger eczema as well as they trigger allergies. They often contain dust mites and other allergens that can trigger flare-ups. Try sticking with tiles and hardwood floors.

TIP! Try to eliminate the tags and seams from your clothes. They may cause scratches and make your eczema symptoms worse.

People may have told to avoid the sun if you suffer from eczema. It’s known that getting a lot of sun can burn your skin. But know that Vitamin D deficiency is a factor when it comes to eczema. This deficiency can be caused by not getting enough sun exposure. The best thing you should try to aim for is about 15 minutes in the sun every day.

Don’t wear tight on you. Tight clothing rubs against your skin causing damage and irritates it. This may cause more eczema is going to happen. So select clothes that doesn’t rub your skin. This will also helps you to stay away from getting too sweaty because this can make sure your skin isn’t as sweaty.

If you suffer from eczema, perhaps people have told you to avoid sun exposure. There is no arguing that overexposure to the sun is unhealthy and can cause burns. However, eczema and being deficient in Vitamin D can work hand-in-hand. This deficiency can be caused by not getting enough sun. Make sure you do get some sun, about 15 minutes daily would do it.

TIP! After you shower, use a soothing moisturizer. It is essential to lock the moisture in your skin.

You can find a variety of natural ingredients to bathwater to soothe the skin. You can add simple table salt to your bath or the more traditional Epsom salt. You should also use baking soda or oatmeal.

Deal with all your eczema.If you are carrying a lot of anger, sad or scared, that can be your trigger. Stress reduction practices like yoga or meditation and journal writing can help.

Natural remedies are all around you. You can add simple table salt to your bath or opt for Epsom salt. Baking soda is another ingredient that can provide relief. White vinegar will help calm irritated skin by adding it to your bath water.

TIP! Deal with all your issues. The problem could actually be stress and not an outside trigger.

You may find alternative therapies such as acupuncture can try alternate treatments like hypnosis and homeopathy to help with eczema.In any case, many times eczema patients have fewer flare-ups and a reduction in the severity of any flare-ups.

As you can tell, you can treat your eczema in many different ways. With these tips you can stop eczema‘s wrath for good. Keep these things in your head as you take this sort of thing on and come back to this information so you don’t have to keep suffering.

You should know there are multiple eczema triggers, so you must identify which ones apply to you. Keep track of anything that is triggering an outbreak. This will allow you to adjust your lifestyle to avoid these triggers. Knowing causes for flareups, such as dust mites, fabric softener, and a variety of chemicals in products that can come in contact with your skin, can help you avoid them altogether.

TIP! Try and keep the temperature in your living environment constant. This is because eczema can flare up when there are temperature changes.

Acne

Clear Skin Can Be Yours! Learn How

Pimples is not a problem that just bothers the skin on your face, the face is probably the most embarrassing. The information included in this article may help you to find the right method of treating pimples.

This is good for you because meat and dairy often contain hormones that can have a negative effect on your skin.

Popping pimples is common among acne sufferers. If they are sore or extremely bothersome and you feel you need to pop them, then at least wash your hands and fingernails thoroughly beforehand to avoid any extra bacteria getting into the pores. If you pop responsibly, you will see less acne.

TIP! You may need to discontinue using teeth whitening agents. Harsh dental products may be causing your outbreaks if your acne is especially severe around your mouth.

Tooth Whitening Products

If you have zits around your mouth, take into account any tooth whitening products that you are using. Tooth whitening products of all descriptions can lead to breakouts if they get on your skin.The skin near your lips is often more sensitive and prone to breakouts.

Try ditching your makeup for a while, to help clear up your skin. Covering up acne with makeup is tempting, but it can clog your pores and make your condition worse. Keep your pores clean by avoiding makeup, if possible.

TIP! If you change your pillowcases and sheets often, you will avoid acne. Oils and dirt from your face will get onto your pillow cases and your sheets.

Extreme temperatures can cause acne to flare up. You may find that in warmer weather you tend to sweat more when temperatures get high. Sweating may clog pores and could cause significant irritation. This can cause your zits flareup. Cold weather can sap moisture from your skin dry. Both of these situations are bad for your skin’s health.

Do what you can help it. Stress does not cause one to develop pimples, but it will exacerbate existing zits.

Garlic is a very powerful food. Garlic can help fight acne. The garlic draws out toxins and helps skin cells to regenerate. To fight acne, use fresh garlic in your cooking or spices.

TIP! Are you aware that frequently using your cell phone could be causing your acne breakouts? Since you use your cell phone frequently, oil from your face and hair can sit on your phone and rub on your face. You can avoid this by wiping your phone off with alcohol.

Spending a moderate amount of time in sunlight can reduce zits breakouts. The sunlight will help dry up under the sun. You may notice that the zits gets worse at first, as your skin’s oils will begin rising to the surface.

Do not ever mix together different kinds of zits cream at the same time. Many people panic and use many different products at once hoping something will have more effect then one individually. Zits creams contain harsh ingredients that may interact and damage your skin if they are combined haphazardly.

In order to decrease breakouts, you should avoid touching your face as much as possible. Also, fight the desire to pop zits as this can only make them worse. Keeping the hands away from the face prevents the dirt and oil from the hands from being transferred to the face. By keeping your fingers and hands away, you can help to avoid the painful irritation and infection that can result.

TIP! Keep your face as clean as possible, especially in hot weather or if you are exercising. If it’s impossible to wash your face easily outside of the house, take wipes with you.

Try using natural skin care product when you are having a hard time ridding yourself of pimples problem. The majority of products available to treat acne contain harsh chemicals that will only serve to worsen your skin to become worse. This overproduction of oil can cause you to have pimples. Natural products with antibacterials can help you heal your skin in healing.

Garlic will get rid of toxins from your system and help new skin grow. You can improve your acne by spreading garlic into your diet through garlic salt or taking garlic as an accent to your dishes.

If you have stress as well as acne, it is likely the two are related. If it’s the case, then build time into your life to relax! Relaxing and doing activities you enjoy will reduce your stress, which will balance the hormones that have been causing the acne. Do not smoke or drink caffeine if you suffer from acne.

TIP! Do you feel like acne will always be a skin issue you have to deal with? Skin problems can also be caused by allergens, including mites and hay fever. Finally, reduce the amount of stress in your life.

Zinc is a wonderful option to reduce zits due to its ability to lower the formation of damaging free radicals under your skin.Cystic pimples can be reduced to a few bumps by taking zinc everyday.

Products which contain salicylic acid are very effective at treating acne. This major ingredient combined with various beta hydroxyl acids helps the skin shed dead cells quicker.

If you stay hydrated you will be more prone to get rid of your acne. Stay hydrated every day. People should consume 6-8 glasses of water everyday. These can block your pores and cause more acne.

TIP! You will be better able to control acne if you lower your stress levels. Hormones that originate from stress not only cause health problems, but also affect your complexion.

Clean your face as often as possible, especially if you sweat a lot due to heat or exercise. If you are absent from home for many hours of the day, take a pack of wipes with you. This will pick up any bacteria and easy wash away bacteria. It isn’t necessary to use a new cleanser every morning rather than using wipes.

Blemish Sticks

Spot treatments are very effective for treating small breakouts. This will ensure that only the affected area is treated. Look for treatments containing ingredients like sulfur, salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. There are also natural remedies that you can find online.

TIP! If you want to prevent acne breakouts, it is important that you get rid of body sweat right away. You will clog your pores if you keep sweat on your body for a extended period of time.

Blemish sticks are a wonderful way to conceal pimples. This product is easy to use and allows for precise covering of the spots that you need hidden. Blemish sticks are a lighter application to spot conceal irritated skin.

You need to drink the recommended amount of water each and every day. It is recommended that most people need to drink between six and eight glasses per day. These will clog your pores and cause more zits.

Most people have heard that stress can lead to acne breakouts. Stress is not always easy to avoid, but fortunately, there are several ways to cut back the stress in your daily life. Yoga is one of the most reliable stress reducers, but any exercise will do. They will not only help your skin, but help your overall health.

TIP! Any acne medicine needs to be applied evenly across the whole face. Other acne may be forming under your skin that you cannot see.

Stress can cause the production of hormones, and it is also detrimental to your overall health. Reducing the stress in your life has many benefits and you can reduce stress through exercise, meditation or listening to your favorite tunes a few minutes daily can provide you with many benefits.

Salicylic Acid

Keep hydrated to help eliminate your acne. If your skin becomes dry, there are dead skin cells that will sit on the surface of your face and wind up clogging your pores. This situation causes acne to worsen. If you drink at least eight glasses of water everyday, it will hydrate your skin adequately and promote the shedding of dead skin.

TIP! Try and live as stress free as possible. Acne can be caused by stress.

Spot treatments are very effective for treating small acne breakouts. This gives medication to only the spot that needs it will be affected.Look for treatments containing salicylic acid, salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide.You may also search on the internet for other natural remedies.

Acne occurs all over the body, not just on the face. By using the advice given here, you will be able to successfully banish your acne with the proper treatments and creams. If you continue to treat the problem, it may fade away completely in time.

Minimize irritations in the skin that may cause acne breakouts. Keep your hands away from your face as much as possible. Be sure to change your pillowcases frequently in order to minimize the irritation from oil and dirt.

TIP! It is important to never pick at acne, as it could cause scars to worsen. The constant irritation can cause scarring, redness, pain and inflammation.

Yeast Disease Tips And Traps That Will Assist You

Top Tips And Advice For Dealing With Yeast Infections

Anyone that has suffered from a yeast infection is aware of how frustrating it can be. This article gives you how to fight yeast infections.

TIP! Sweating profusely creates a warm, humid environment. This warm and humid environment is conducive to the development of yeast.

This kind of environment can make a yeast infection more likely. Wear clothing made of cotton or other natural materials. These materials are breathable fabrics.Avoid synthetic material like Lycra, such as nylon or spandex. These fabrics trap sweat and sweat.

Ibuprofen or aspirin can both mitigate yeast infection. These infections bring some major discomfort and if you have a daytime job, as you will want to reduce the symptoms as much as possible to be as productive as you can at work or school.

TIP! Clean vaginas tend to be healthy vaginas. Thoroughly clean the genital area.

This can be consumed by eating a cup of the infection.When purchasing this yogurt look for these live cultures within a sugar-free product. Sugar can actually feed the culture’s job performance because it feeds the infection.

Avoid diaphragms and condoms along with cream for the infection. The cream has the potential of these contraceptives. Avoid sexual intercourse until your yeast infection has cleared up.If you choose not to do that, speak with a physician to determine the best possible birth control option.

Healthy Bacteria

If you start feeling some of the symptoms of a yeast infection, like itching or burning, try eating yogurt. The medical benefits hidden within the healthy bacteria which are excellent for battling an oncoming infection. This gives your body the healthy bacteria can help fight off a yeast infection and will make it go away quicker.

TIP! Consider eating a single cup of yogurt each day. Bacteria in yogurt will help fight the organisms that give rise to a yeast infection.

Make sure to get enough rest. Your immune system plays a crucial role in defending against yeast infections. Not getting the proper amount of sleep will make you more prone to yeast infections. Try to have a regular sleeping schedule, and sleep better by avoiding exercising or drinking caffeine near bedtime.

Eating a cup full of plain yogurt daily can help prevent a yeast infections. The good bacteria in yogurt can prevent yeast from forming.

TIP! If you get regular yeast infections, look at what you eat. A lot of sugar in your diet may make your body prime breeding grounds for yeast.

Wearing cotton underwear can help to prevent yeast infection. Synthetic fabric tends to trap moisture and yeast growth. Be sure it’s 100% cotton material and always change your undies after exercise or anytime you sweat. This will help you both dry and infection-free.

Anyone who has had a yeast infection knows how irritating it can be. But, if you use this article and follow its advice, these infections can be a thing of the past. Be sure to follow it to the letter!

Hemorrhoids

Suffering From Hemorrhoids? Read This Helpful Advice!

It is common for pregnant women to suffer from hemorrhoids during the second and third trimesters. The fetus places more pressure on blood vessels in the pelvic area. The pushing a mother has to endure during labor can worsen hemorrhoids.The following article will help to prevent and/or treat them if they do occur.

A long-term effective treatment for uncomfortable and painful hemorrhoids from forming is to eat a lot of fiber. Include fiber-rich foods like leafy green vegetables, whole grain breads, leafy greens, and oatmeal. Fiber encourages bowel movement and remove the pressure put on your hemorrhoids.

Rutin is an ingredient that can be helpful in the treatment of hemorrhoids. Sometimes hemorrhoids appear as a result of blood vessels that are not very strong. Rutin helps to make blood vessels stronger and is a key ingredient in helping the body absorb vitamin C. You can get it from both citrus foods and certain vegetables, like onions and broccoli. If you take it in supplement form, take 500mg daily.

TIP! Have you heard that you have items in your kitchen that can make your hemorrhoids better? An ice pack, for one, is an easy solution. When you use an ice pack you can decrease any soreness you have that is caused by your hemorrhoids.

Use soft toilet paper that does not leave paper or residue behind, and use moistened wipes each time you have a bowel movement.

Consider the usage of witch hazel as a treatment for relief from hemorrhoid discomforts.This astringent shrinks and constricts the veins and facilitating quick recovery.

One of the things that cause hemorrhoids is too much straining during bowel movements. To soften the stool a person should get plenty of water, eat a high fiber diet and avoid highly processed foods. To avoid straining, you may also want to try squatting. To achieve this, place your feet on a short stool whenever you sit down to go. In countries around the world where they don’t use toilets but instead squat to have a bowel movement, hemorrhoids are rare.

TIP! Add lemon to your water to help with your hemorrhoids. Lemon is a soothing fruit that can reduce the irritation you feel.

Drink plenty of water if you often get hemorrhoids.Keeping yourself hydrated will maintain soft stools. You do not want to drink as much alcohol and caffeine.

One risk factor for hemorrhoids is straining too hard when defecating. Eating fewer processed foods and drinking plenty of water will allow the stools to come out easier. Squatting also aids the process and reduces the need to strain during a bowel movements. Use a stool that is placed underneath of your feet when you go to the toilet. Hemorrhoids are less common occurrence among places in the world where people squat instead of sitting.

Whole wheat bread can improve a hemorrhoid condition. Whole grains are also less likely to irritate your skin. Before you eat another sandwich, try eating wheat instead of white bread!

TIP! Natural remedies can work just as well as expensive treatments. A sitz bath can be extremely soothing, especially after a bowel movement.

Ice Pack

Ice can do wonders for alleviating hemorrhoid pain. Hemorrhoids can cause quite a good bit of pain. An ice pack can reduce the swelling and swelling. Alternate ice pack and a warm compress. You can help your hemorrhoids by alternating sitting in a warm bath before applying an ice pack.

When your hemorrhoids itch, it is sometimes tempting to scratch them. It is important not to scratch them, however, in order to prevent them from tearing. Hemorrhoids that are open are both more painful, and can allow bacterial infections to enter your body.

TIP! Weight loss can help alleviate pain caused by hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids usually affect those who are overweight.

A common cause of hemorrhoids is overexerting muscles in the area of the sphincter.If you struggle with hemorrhoids frequently, you should definitely watch how much your exert the muscles in your anus during bathroom time as well as other activities.

Try home remedies before you spend money on hemorrhoid medications. After a bowel movement, soak for about 15 minutes in a sitz bath.Hemorrhoids can itch like crazy, but you want to avoid scratching because this will just aggravate the area more. Try using a bit of witch hazel for temporary relief when your hemorrhoids are flaring up.Eat tons of food with fiber, and drink a minimum of eight glasses of water a day.This will prevent you to refrain from excessive straining during bowel movements.

Hemorrhoids are going to be high on the list of possible causes, but it’s unwise to make any assumptions. Head to the doctor to make sure. Bloody poop can be a symptom of cancer too. For peace of mind, have your symptoms checked by a professional. If it does turn out to be hemorrhoids, the doctor will be able to give you your best treatment options.

TIP! Laxatives will soften your stools, easing the pain of your bowel movements, but they will not cure your hemorrhoids. You can get through the next couple of days with ease when you take some laxatives, but the truth is that there are other things you must do in order to cure your hemorrhoids.

Lifting items that are too heavy objects can cause hemorrhoids.

Laxatives are designed to assist with a single bowel movement in mind. If you are having trouble with bowel movements, change your diet.

Use a hemorrhoid cream sparingly. Creams do little to alleviate the painful irritation, swelling, or bleeding associated with hemorrhoids. However, creams are useful for numbing particularly bad pain that comes along with hemorrhoid flare-ups. If you need to use these for more than a week, make sure your doctor is okay with it. These creams may lose efficiency if used too frequently, resulting in further pain.

TIP! If a hemorrhoid pops out of your rectum, gently push it back inside. It is of the utmost importance that you first wash your hands.

Water is an effective way to soothe and soothing treatment for hemorrhoids. Soak your rectum for 10 minutes after passing a bowel movement and then try using cold compresses on the inflamed area. You might consider investing in a toilet bath at your local drug store for added relief.

Use a hemorrhoid cream made for hemorrhoids; just don’t use it too often. Creams can take the pain away, but they can numb hemorrhoid pain. Check with your doctor if you have to put these on for longer than seven days. Excessive use can lead to more pain.

If you think you have hemorrhoids, go to your doctor. A hemorrhoid can easily be mistaken for a polyp, and that can cause unnecessary worry. Go get it looked at quickly if you cannot find it by yourself.

TIP! When hemorrhoid pain gets intense, it is best to stay away from any food that creates gas. Passing gas can strain the rectum and cause hemorrhoid inflammation.

Gently push any hemorrhoids back up into the anus. This can prevent injuries caused by the hemorrhoids grating against your clothes. If you cannot press them into the anus easily, don’t attempt doing this and risk serious injury.

A good way to prevent hemorrhoids is to try exercising the anus. If you are not exercising your anus muscles, you will not have sufficient blood flow, and this will cause hemorrhoids. Try doing this for five minutes every three to four hours, holding the position for up to five seconds at a time.

To avoid flare ups of hemorrhoid symptoms and facilitate your movement, try squatting over the toilet instead of sitting. This position, while awkward, can eliminate some of the pain associated with your bowel movement and make it more comfortable.

TIP! Drinking a moderate amount of caffeine is good for both keeping you alert and helping to control hemorrhoids. It does this by making you less constipated and your stools less hard, which reduce the chances of you developing swollen veins around your anus.

Olive Oil

Olive oil can try for hemorrhoid treatment. Olive oil has been shown to minimize the discomfort of hemorrhoids and reduce their swelling. It is not for internal hemorrhoids.

If you have issues with hemorrhoids, aim to eat at least 25g of fiber per day. Straining during bowel movements is a prime cause of hemorrhoids. Consuming more fiber will help keep you from getting constipated and will help your stools form appropriately. This can help your hemorrhoids heal and prevent future flare-ups.

TIP! If you have smaller hemorrhoids which are protruding from your rectum, try to push them back inside gently. This will help any pain you have from sitting and can help prevent more irritation.

As previously stated, hemorrhoids are common during the last six months of pregnancy, and pushing during labor can make them worse. However, there are steps you can take to prevent them, including drinking plenty of water, eating fiber, and not straining. Take the information you have learned here and use it to lessen your chances at getting hemorrhoids.