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The Commercial Production Of Ethanol From Corn

The Commercial Production Of Ethanol From Corn

2017.11.12 Workshop: Yeast Hunting
Source: Flickr

This second article by Absolute Futures will explain the commercial production of ethanol.
Ethanol is a product of fermentation. Fermentation is a sequence of reactions which release energy from organic molecules in the absence of oxygen. In this application of fermentation, energy is obtained when sugar is changed to ethanol and carbon dioxide.

Changing corn to ethanol by fermentation takes many steps. Starch in corn must be broken down into simple sugars before fermentation can occur. In earlier times, this was done by chewing the corn. This allowed the salivary enzymes to naturally break down the start. Today, this is achieved by cooking the corn and adding the enzymes alpha amylase and gluco amylase.

Once a simple sugar is obtained, yeast is added. Yeast is a single-celled fungi which feeds on the sugar and causes the fermentation. As the fungi feeds on the sugar, it produces alcohol (ethanol) and carbon dioxide. In fermentation, the ethanol retains much of the energy that was originally in the sugar, and explains why ethanol is an excellent fuel.

Most ethanol production in the United States is made in 50 production facilities in 20 different states. Most of these plants are located in the Midwest.

Changing the starch in kernels of corn to sugar and changing sugar to ethanol is a complex process and requires a mix of technologies that include microbiology, chemistry and engineering.

Ethanol is produced from corn by using one of two standard processes: wet-milling or dry-milling. Dry-milling plants cost less to build and produce higher yields of ethanol, but the value of co-products is less. Most of the ethanol plants in the U.S. utilize a dry-milling process. The wet-milling operation is more elaborate because the grain must be separated into its components.

After fermentation, the ethanol is removed from the mix of ethanol, water, yeast, and residue. It is then purified through distillation. The distilling process takes advantage of the low boiling point (78C.) of ethanol. When the temperature of the mix is increased slightly higher than the boiling point, the ethanol evaporates. It is then captured as a gas vapor and condensed back to a liquid. Other chemicals are added and molecular sieves are used to purify the ethanol.

Advances in technology are being made to further reduce the large amounts of energy needed for distillation. These advances help to reduce the costs and make producing ethanol much more economical.

Yeast Infection

Yeast Infection Cure

A yeast infection cure that will last can be a challenge to find. Women, and men, who experience these Candida yeast infections will usually get fed up attempting to rid themselves of yeast. Candida can infect almost any part of the body, including the nail beds, lower abdomen, vagina, skin folds, and dentures.

Yeast infections are unmistakable for the horrible itching that generally joins them. Pharmacies may sell many remedies and creams that can offer short term relief, but it is almost inevitable that the infection will come back fairly quickly. Yeast infections that become chronic can lead to such serious problems as diabetes and infections of the urinary tract.

Are there long term ways to defeat yeast? Yes, it’s definitely possible to use holistic ways to get rid of yeast and keep it away. The way to do this is to make sure that there’s a healthy balance of the acids in your body and to shed excess sugar.

If proper nutrition has not been able to stop a yeast infection, other means can be applied to attack it directly. If a woman has a vaginal yeast infection, she can insert a garlic clove directly into her vagina.

As yeast infections can happen almost anywhere, relief can sometimes be gained by eating a clove of garlic, or even a garlic tablet, to help attack the yeast. Lower blood pressure and reduced cholesterol are other benefits obtained by having garlic.

Alleviation from the itching of a yeast infection can be obtained by using plain yoghurt. This is yoghurt with no sweeteners. A hot bath can also offer relief if you add a cup of apple cider vinegar to the water, as well. Preventing yeast infections can be simpler if you sip appropriate amounts of water throughout the day as the sugars upon which the yeast feeds will be removed with regular urination.

Oral thrush, a yeast infection of the mouth, is most often seen in babies and young children. Adults can also contract this unpleasant infection, as well.  Sores that look like white patches appear in the mouth and on the gums, and bleed when scratched.

You can help to cure a mouth yeast infection by drinking cool drinks, but make sure these drinks are sugarless. The yeast will starve if little sugar goes into the mouth. Many people also obtain relief through rinsing out their mouths with salt water. This is useful, but tastes quite unpleasant.

Natural remedies and creams and non-prescription medicines typically will work to cure up most women’s yeast infections. But, if the yeast infection is persistent, it may point to more extreme problems.

Yeast infections that recur four times or more each year are typically an indication that there’s an underlying, more sever condition. Recurrent yeast infections can also lead to the formation of conditions such as diabetes. The high blood sugar available in diabetics can contribute to their susceptibility to yeast infections as well.

Drug resistance, where either the patient or the infective agent develops immunity to a certain medication, can be an issue when coping with constant yeast infections. Talking wih your doctor about this possibility is a good idea, and a course of treatment alternating between prescription and non-prescription solutions is normally the way to go.

Natural treatments are often very effective in treating yeast infections, and these are the remedies that you should try first. Your yeast infection won’t simply go away, and the sooner you start to treat it, the better.

Julie White is well acquainted with the topic of yeast infections having suffered from ones herself. And, through the research she has performed has been able to overcome them. If you’d like to learn more solid advice on yeast infection cures be sure to take a look at this solid review of a great guide: Cure Yeast Infection Fast

More Yeast Infection Articles

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Thrush: Cause And Cure

Thrush: Cause And Cure

Candida Albicans is one of the many organism living in the human body.
These organisms live in about 80 percent of the human population. Thrush can be present in different parts of the human body including the colon, vagina, stomach, throat, mouth and rectum. Candida Albicans does not pose any health problems under normal conditions but an overgrowth of the said bacteria can cause a condition called Thrush or candidiasis.

Thrush is not a serious problem but if left untreated it can cause major discomfort. In some instances, thrush can also lead to a much serious condition. This is why anyone who thinks that they are suffering from thrush must immediately seek medical advice. Thrush, especially if it is persistent, must never be ignored.

So how do you know if you are suffering from thrush? One of the telltale sign is having white creamy patches in the mouth. Red spots on the roof of the mouth, throat, gums and on the tongue are also clear indications of Thrush. A person suffering from Thrush may also see crusts forming on the corners of his or her mouth. Difficulties in swallowing, nausea and chest pains are some of the other signs of having Thrush.

The most common telltale sign of Thrush among women is a vaginal discharge that resembles cottage cheese. This discharge is often accompanied by burning and itching of the vaginal area. The lips of the vagina can also swell and become red and tender to the touch.

Thrush can usually be detected by a doctor by examining your throat and mouth. In some cases, the doctor may need to check your stomach and throat by using an x-ray machine or an endoscope to check whether you have actually have thrush or not. Sometimes though, a visual examination by the physician is sufficient diagnosis.

Majority of Thrush sufferers are women. It is estimated that a whopping 75 percent of all women in the world will experience having Thrush at least once in their lives.

Can Thrush be prevented? Of course it can. Every women must remember that a normal amount of yeast is necessary for good vaginal health. That is why it is not advisable to result to primary prevention of the formation of yeast. Yeast infection like Thrush feeds on sugar. This is a very helpful information among Trish sufferers. And because Thrush feeds on sugar, limiting sugar intake was found by most Thrush sufferers to be very effective.

A low sugar diet can also prevent the recurrence of Candida Albicans overgrowth. The affected area must also be allowed to breathe so it is highly advisable to wear cotton undergarments, pants and skirts and loose fitting pants and skirts.

If Thrush infection is persistent, then it is highly advisable that the sufferer seek the advice of a medical expert. Self treatment through over the counter medication is also not recommended since some medicines especially antibiotics can worsen the Thrush infection. Always ask the advice of a doctor before undergoing any kind of medical treatment.

It is also wise to seek the counsel of other individual who are suffering or who has recovered from a Thrush infection. The insight and advice that they will provide will be valuable in your own road to recovery. The Internet is a very good place to find individuals who are suffering or who has recovered from Thrush.

Note: This article may be freely reproduced as long as the AUTHOR’S resource box at the bottom of this article is included and and all links must be Active/Linkable with no syntax changes.

Yeast Infection

Tips To Successfully Address A Yeast Infection

Yeast infections can truly hinder your way of life that many women fear. The article offers many tips and techniques about yeast infections.

TIP! Speak with a physical immediately once you feel a yeast infection forming. The longer you allow it to linger, the longer it will take to cure it.

If you keep getting yeast infections, you may need to change your bath products. Stay away from any hygiene products that feature dyes and fragrances. They can upset the PH balance in your pH and can cause an infection. You ought to just use items that are mild and hypoallergenic.

TIP! Try to always wear cotton panties. Silky underwear looks and feels nice, but it can cause future discomfort.

You may have the impression that you are cleansing the vagina, but they can actually cause harm by throwing your body off balance. When you disrupt that balance with outside materials, you can be more prone to yeast infections. It is enough to wash this area with mild soap and water.

TIP! Stay away from scented and caustic products. A lot of women clean the vaginal area with douches and scrubs.

Don’t used scented around your vagina. Scented products can increase your risk of getting yeast infections. It is especially important not to use scented tampons or pads as they come in the closest contact with your vagina. Avoid the dyes found in many colored toiletry paper.

TIP! Avoid anything scented near the genital area. Scented sprays and soaps can be irritating, increasing the chance of a yeast infection.

Try eating more yogurt intake if you are prone to yeast infections. Yogurt has probiotics and cultures that give you healthier place. Consuming one serving of yogurt daily has been shown to stave off infection and keep you healthy.

TIP! Steer clear of diaphragms and condoms if you have been treating a yeast infection with cream. The creams can decrease the effectiveness of these contraceptives.

Dilute the vinegar with a bit of water and rub that into the infected area. If you put it on undiluted, it will cause a painful burning sensation. If your itching is severe, add garlic for more comfort.

Tea Tree Oil

TIP! Synthetic materials and tight clothes should be avoided. Tight clothing, especially in forms of underwear can restrict proper ventilation and trap moisture and heat.

Tea tree oil happens to be a great natural remedy that is quite effective in curing your yeast infections. Mix a few drops of tea tree oil with some sweet almond oil and apply it to your vagina.Do not use tea tree oil until you have mixed it together with another product, as it may cause burning.This can help reduce the amount of bacteria both combating an infection and restoring order to vaginal chemistry.

TIP! Be wary of any scratches or scrapes. Yeast tends to settle into these areas, no matter how small the scratch.

Synthetic materials and tight clothes should be avoided at all costs. Tight clothing restricts airflow and trap dampness and heat. Yeast usually thrives in moist and warm environments where air circulation. Look for clothes made from materials that breathe like cotton; wear them loosely.

TIP! When suffering from a harmful yeast infection while using a new contraceptive, consider whether you should seek an alternative. Contraceptive pills contain large amounts of estrogen, which can negatively affect vaginal health.

Probiotics are your best weapon against a yeast infections. Acidophilus is a type of healthy bacteria in yogurt and helps keep your body’s environment balanced and can keep yeast infection. You can also buy probiotics in powder and a pill at your local drug store.

TIP! Do not purchase clothes with synthetic fibers. These stop air from circulating and they keep moisture on the skin.

Douching is one of the more common reasons people getting yeast infections. While cleansing the sensitive areas is advised for preventing an infection, it may be doing just the opposite. Douching can upset your vagina’s natural vaginal bacteria unbalanced.

If this happens, you need to schedule a visit with your doctor as soon as you can. Some home remedies may help reduce your symptoms as well.

TIP! Yeast infections can be prevented by choosing to wear fresh and clean cotton underwear. Cotton is absorbent and non-irritating, unlike some other fabrics.

Yeast will thrive in any environment that is both warm and warm. If you choose to sit around wearing wet bathing suits, you may unknowingly provide yeast an ideal place in which to thrive. After you finish swimming in the ocean, lake or ocean, always change into dry clothes and pat your private areas dry to avoid a yeast infection.

Some methods of contraceptives are known to contribute to yeast infections.

Yeast Infection

TIP! Yeast is in saliva of those with oral thrush. Don’t put things into your mouth and try to use disposable dishes.

If you have sex while suffering from a yeast infection, both of you require treatment. If you cannot avoid sex while one of you have a yeast infection, use condoms to prevent it spreading.

TIP! Acidophilus tablets, taken orally, help to prevent yeast infections. They help keep your body’s pH balance in order.

A great way to prevent yeast infections is to choose to wear clothing that is made of natural materials. Cotton is considered to be an ideal fabric because it can absorb moisture. Synthetic materials usually retain moisture close to your body which can cause or worsen a yeast bacteria.

TIP! Understand that individuals who do not put on underwear are far more prone to yeast infections than people who do wear underwear. Wear cotton underwear; cotton keeps the genital area drier and cooler.

As discussed earlier, yeast infections are frustrating to manage, but if you know how to approach treatment options, your life will be a lot easier. Be sure to use this advice to better deal with a future yeast infection.

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Recipe: savory onion bread mix in a jar

Upper right teeth and molars
Source: Flickr

Savory Onion Bread Mix in a Jar
1/4 cup dehydrated onion flakes
3 1/3 cups bread flour
2 tablespoons granulated sugar
1 tablespoon powdered milk
1 1/2 teaspoons salt
1/2 teaspoon dried sage, optional
1 envelope yeast

Place the onion flakes in a small zip-type bag and set aside.

Combine remaining ingredients, except for the yeast, in a one-quart jar. Add the bag of onions and the yeast to the top of the mix and close the jar. Store the mix in a cool, dry place.

An equivalent amount of bulk yeast can be substituted for the pre-packaged yeast, but if you choose to do this you’ll need to keep the mix with yeast in refrigerator or freezer until ready to use.

Include the following instructions on a gift tag:

Savory Onion Bread
1 jar Onion Bread Mix
1 1/8 cups warm water (105 to 110 degrees F)
1 tablespoon vegetable or olive oil

Follow your bread maker instructions. For most bread makers, place the water and oil into the bread pan, then add the dry ingredients on top, add the yeast last. Bake as for "white" bread.

This mix can be used for traditional bread if you don’t have a bread maker. Just mix ingredients as you would for white bread. Knead, let rise, punch down and form loaf and place in greased pan. Let rise again and bake in a 350 degree F oven for 30 minutes or until golden brown and loaf sounds hollow when tapped.